Sydney was established in the 1780s – the first European settlement in Australia. Since then, the city has expanded eastward to the coast and westward to the Blue Mountains. It now stretches 55 kilometres from east to west, and 60 kilometres from north to south.
Sydney is one of the world’s most highly rated cities in terms of quality of life. It was ranked by The Economist's Global Liveability Report 2011 as one of the world's most liveable cities and was voted ‘world's best city’ by readers of Travel & Leisure and Conde Nast Traveler magazines. Why not come and decide for yourself!
From Chinatown to Circular Quay, Sydney City Central Business District (CBD) is filled with things to do, places to visit and see. The city’s underground railway makes it easy to get around, with shopping, restaurants, cafe’s, lots of attractions and sightseeing.
From the breathtaking views of Sydney Harbour to the serene tranquillity of Hyde Park, Sydney CBD has something for everyone.
The Eastern Suburbs is the metropolitan area directly to the east and south-east of the central business district in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. This can include the suburbs within the local government areas of the Municipality of Woollahra, Waverley Council, City of Randwick, City of Botany Bay and part of the City of Sydney. The Eastern Suburbs of Sydney extends from the peninsula of South Head at Watsons Bay in the north to La Perouse in the South.
The largest commercial areas in the Eastern Suburbs are found at Bondi Junction, North Randwick, Maroubra and Double Bay. The Eastern Suburbs features some of Sydney's well-known beaches such as Bondi Beach, Bronte Beach, and Coogee Beach. The University of New South Wales is one of Australia’s leading universities located in Kensington.
The Inner West is the metropolitan area directly to the west of the Sydney central business district, New South Wales, Australia. The suburbs of the Inner West are predominantly located along the southern shore of Port Jackson (Parramatta River), stretching south to the shores of the Cooks River. What is now the Inner West was formerly home to two clans, the Cadigal, whose land stretched along Port Jackson from South Head to Lewisham, and the Wangal, whose land was immediately to the west of the Cadigals and stretched to about Homebush Bay.
The suburbs within the region are characterized by medium to high-density housing and include some of the older constructions in Sydney such as the terrace houses of Glebe, Newtown and Annandale. Parts of the inner west have been subject to gentrification, particularly in Marrickville, Newtown and its surrounding areas.
The North Shore is a term used to describe the primarily residential area of northern metropolitan Sydney, in New South Wales, Australia. The term refers to the suburbs located on the north shore of Sydney Harbour up to Hornsby and between Middle Harbour and the Lane Cove River. After the establishment of Sydney in 1788, settlement of the North Shore of the harbour was quite limited. The north shore was more rugged than the southern shore and western areas of the harbour and had limited agricultural potential. The early activities in the area included tree felling, boatbuilding and some orchard farming in the limited areas of good soil.
The Lower North Shore usually refers to the suburbs adjacent to the harbour such as Neutral Bay, Waverton, Mosman, Cremorne, Lavender Bay, Milsons Point, Cammeray and North Sydney.
The region is home to hundreds of parks and reserves, including Sydney Harbour National Park and the Lane Cove National Park. Local sports grounds include North Sydney Oval, the region's largest in capacity, followed by Chatswood Oval and Christie Park. Major waterways in the region include Port Jackson, the Lane Cove River, the Parramatta River, Middle Harbour and the many creek systems
The Upper North Shore starts north of Chatswood and stretches all the way to the Hawkesbury River. It consists of mainly residential and bushland suburbs, with the apartments and high density of the Lower North Shore giving way to the detached houses in the leafy suburbs of Killara and Turramurra, and further north to villages carved out of the bush near Berowra and Mt Colah. Containing some of the oldest residential areas of Sydney, the North Shore is known for its extensive gardens and mature European trees, making it one of the most attractive areas within the Sydney metropolitan area. This is particularly true in November of each year, when the blossoming of the Jacaranda trees provides streetscapes of bright purple flowers.
The Northern Beaches of Sydney refers to a suburban family-oriented district located in the north east of the city, as well as a stretch of famous beaches extending northwards from Sydney Harbour and North Head at Manly to Barrenjoey Point and Broken Bay, fronting the Pacific Ocean. The Northern Beaches is surrounded on all sides by either water or forest areas, causing some locals to call the area "the Peninsula". The hilly areas and plateaus behind the beach suburbs is also known separately as the "Forest District", so named because of the large tracts of natural bush land which feature in this area.
St George Area is an unofficial name applied to a group of southern suburbs in Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The area includes all the suburbs in the local government areas of the City of Hurstville, the City of Rockdale and the City of Kogarah. The eastern boundary of the district is Lady Robinson Beach on Botany Bay.
The biggest commercial areas in the St George area are located at Hurstville, Kogarah and Rockdale. Hurstville is the largest central business district in southern Sydney and features a large shopping centre called Westfield Hurstville.
The Central West is a region of New South Wales, Australia. The region is geographically in eastern New South Wales, in the area west of the Blue Mountains, which are west of Sydney. Major population and service centres in the Central West include the cities of Bathurst and Orange; and the large towns of Cowra and Parkes. Bathurst and Orange are home to campuses of Charles Sturt University, the only main provider of university education for the region.